Agrosecurity & Agroterrorism

Ag​​​rosecurity involves the issues that the agricultural industry,communities and the government need to address to protect our food system. These issues are related to animal and plant diseases, pests and invasive species that could affect the health and economic well-being of the agricultural community and the public.

 is the deliberate use of biological, chemical or radiological agents as weapons against the agricultural industry and food supply. Any such attack on the food and fiber system in the United States will have economic, health, and social consequences.

General Resources
Grazing cowsPre-Harvest Security Guidelines and Checklist 2006  (USDA)
Agrosecurity Issues – Extension Disaster Education Network (EDEN) 

Overview of agricultural biosecurity issues – Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRP)

National Plant Diagnostic Network (NPDN) – enhancing agricultural security through quick detection of pests and pathogens.

Addressing agriculture-related issues before, during & after natural disasters – Environmental Protection Agency

National Agriculture Compliance Assistance Center (AG Center) – information about federal environmental compliance requirements that affect agriculture.

Extension Educator Resources

EDEN has developed two courses on biosecurity management:

*Animal Agrosecurity and Emergency Management

*Plant Biosecurity Management

Extension Educator’s Role in Agricultural Disasters – EDEN

Agro-Terrorism Resources

The NYS Office of Homeland Security (OHS) provides information on recognizing and resporting suspected agroterrorism events.

Strategic Partnership Program Agroterrorism (SPPA) – a collaboration between DHS, USDA, FDA, FBI and private industry to provide a broad perspective on the food and agricultural defense sector.

The Disaster Handbook (1998) – University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, addresses agroterrorism.

Specific Biosecurity Threats

Emerald Ash Borer has recently been identified in western New York State. This insect can be devastating to the ash tree population in the state. One method of limiting the spread of this insect and other invasive insects or diseases:

Asian Soybean Rust
 presents a real threat to growers in the United States as well as the rest of the world. If a soybean crop becomes infected, it will result in lower yields and raise production costs, making this disease an important economic threat.  Integrated Pest Management has created a map to track the spread of soybean rust in the U.S.