Infectious Disease

In This Section

Zika
Links to resources addressing Zika Virus, a disease spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito.

Ebola
Links to resources addressing Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, a severe, often fatal illness in humans.

Influenza & Pandemics
Links to resources addressing current flu issues and outbreaks.

Do It In Your Sleeves
A short, humorous video demonstrating the proper method of containing a cough or sneeze. ORL Productions

Bioterrorism
Addresses the deliberate release of disease-causing agents to cause illness, disruption and social unrest.

Zoonoses
Diseases that can be passed from animals to humans such as rabies, West Nile Virus, and Lyme Disease.

Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD)
Links to resources on CWD.

Communicable or infectious diseases, the third leading cause of death in the U.S., are generally caused by viruses, bacteria or parasites and transmitted by direct or indirect contact  through people, animals, insects, food, air, water, and even contaminated surface areas.

Each disease can be distinguished by its method of transmission, ease of contagiousness, how long the pathogen can stay alive and how dangerous the resulting disease is to the person or animal contracting it.

Disease terms

Outbreak – more disease cases than what would normally occur in a specific location or season.
Epidemic – increased cases of a disease that are spreading widely and rapidly.
Pandemic – an epidemic of infectious diease spreading between humans worldwide.

Online Resources

Communicable Disease Fact Sheets
NYS Health Department provides fact sheets on specific infectious diseases.

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC)
CDC is the hub for information about prevention and control of emerging diseases.

Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy
Current research information on infectious diseases.

Emerging Infectious Diseases
Official journal of the CDC.